The common domestic cat is not subject to selection and therefore comes in a greater variation than modern breeds. Its greater independence from man lead to maintaining a constitution similar to its wild ancestor, with medium proportions and a very balanced and agile structure.
The body is of medium size, proportionate, agile and with food musculature.
The head is shaped like a triangle with the tips cut off, ears are of medium length, slightly rounded at the top and distanced. The line of the nose is of medium length, with a poorly marked stop and the chin is strong. The eyes are lemon shaped, slightly oblique, usually yellow-green.
The calfs are of medium length, proportionate to the body, with oval or round and compact paws.
The tail is of medium length; thicker at the base, tapering gradually towards thre tip.
The coat is composed of three types of hair which is generally short, but can also be semilong. It is never ruffled, as in the Exotic, or long as in Persians.
With qualified breeds of cats, a peaceful, confident, sociable and medium active behavior was selected, with an average reaction time, suitable for life indoors with a family. These characteristics are widespread in the ranks of common household cats as well, which tend, however, to be more active, have a faster reaction time and keep a more confident, reserved and independent temperament ca qualified breeds of cats.
Because they are not selected, domestic cats boast a greater variability including in what regards temperament. Picking a kitten is based, thus, especially on physical appearance and its attachment to humans: a kitten that meows and is agitated will be more active than its brother which falls asleep, purring in the arms of a person.
For the common household kitten, the first months of life will be particularry important, during which socialization with humans and getting used to its environment will take place. The ones who seeks the company of these cute cats is, in general, less demanding regarding the character of his future companion, being willing to accept his personality, no matter what it will be.
The color palette of the common domestic cat is particulary diverse and includes the original drawings of wild cats: tabby mackerel, blotched and spotted tabby.
The markings are, in general, less distinct and regular compared to selected specimens.
Uniform colors are also widespread, more rarely pure white, more frequently red, black, cream and the much appreciated blue. The tortie specimens are also very common, especially black and red.
Bicolor coats are found in all the possible combinations, in all colors and with tabby spots.
Because interbreeding with qualified cat breeds, siamese markings and the chocolate and lilac colors have spread among housecats.
The common domestic cat is very modest and robust, resistant to disease and requires a minimum of care and maintenance cost.
It is, however, possible that even housecats develop more or less seriouss illnesses and it is important that their appearance is maintained by regular brushing and their health and diet is monitored.
Because they have a low economic value, these cats are usually sterilized.
The common domestic cat is the descendant of the first cats domesticated in ancient Egypt. The cat is, at the same time, one of the last animals domesticated by man and it is its extraorinary evolution that led some researchers to assert that it is the only animal who "tamed" man, meaning it's used the food and protection offered by humans to its own advantage.
Since the time of the pharaos, the cat has spread to every continent, following trade routes. The path of water has been for centuries the way of commuting for cats, who were embarked on ships to prevent mice from getting into food stores. Its connection with the sea allowed the cat to dock in all the world's ports. originally, however, the cat was an animal of the forest and bushes, hunting small mammals, birds and even insects, being able to adapt perfectly to different climatic and life conditions.
Having to deal most often on its own to procure food, the common housecat has always been subject to a harsh selection, in which only the healthiest, strongest and most skilled individuals successfully reproduce and transmit their characteristics to their offspring. This prevented the transmission of extreme characterstics, such as very long (or almost absent) hair, and a very cumbersome of very light constitution.
As cities develop, the cat population is growing rapidly; if on the one hand, the value of cats that posses special features rises, getting them adopted into villas or appartment buildings, on the other hand, the cat on the street is starting to become an unpleasant and nagging presence.
The common domestic cat remains the main source of pets available to people from cities and the countryside, but this new role of spoiled pet does not cause a change in its appearance or character.
Humans influence, however, indirectly, the behavior of the domestic cat, offering them, especially in the big cities, abundant food sources, leading to the gathering of a large number of cats. Once again proving its ability to adapt, the cat, a solitary feline, turns into a socialanimal, organizing into matriarchal groups.
In cat exhibitions, domestic cats have a sepparate category (housecats).